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Jewish Biography --> Righteous among the Nations
  • Oskar Schindler (28 April 1908 – 9 October 1974) was an ethnic German industrialist born in Moravia. He is credited with saving over 1,100[1][2] Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, which were located in what is now Poland and the Czech Republic respectively.[3] He is the subject of the novel Schindler's Ark, and the film based on it, Schindler's List.
  • Emilie Schindler (22 October 1907 – 5 October 2001) was a humanitarian who, with her husband Oskar Schindler, helped to save the lives of 1,200[1] to 1,700[2] Jews during World War II. Oskar Schindler, a Sudeten German industrialist, created the now famous list[3] of Schindler's Jews by employing them in his enamelware and ammunitions factories, providing them immunity from the Nazis.

    Israel's Yad Vashem memorial to the victims of the Holocaust honored the Schindlers as Righteous Among the Nations for their efforts in saving hundreds of Jewish lives.

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This is a partial list of some of the most prominent Righteous among the Nations per country of origin, recognized by Yad Vashem, the Holocaust Martyrs' and Heroes' Remembrance Authority in Jerusalem. These people risked their lives or their liberty and position to help Jews during the Holocaust and indeed, some of them have been punished by death as a result.[1] By the end of 2010 Yad Vashem recognized 23,788 Righteous Among the Nations from 45 countries.

Country of origin
Poland (total: 6,195[3])
Main article: Polish Righteous among the Nations
Netherlands (total: 5,009)

Miep Gies and her husband Jan Gies, helpers of Anne Frank
Corrie ten Boom
Frits Philips of Philips Electronics
Johan Benders & his wife, Gerritdina Benders-Letterboer
Johan Hendrik Weidner
Victor Kugler
Jaap Penraat
Walter Susskind
Johan van Hulst
Geertruida Wijsmuller-Meijer saved some 10.000 Jewish children, a.o. directly from Adolf Eichmann
Jan Zwartendijk Saved 3 000
Alida Bosshardt, also known as Majoor Bosshardt (Salvation Army)
Le Grand-Franken, Joop (nickname). Official name Johanna Le Grand and her two brave brothers (the FRANKEN family): Wim Franken & Sim Franken [4]
Liesbeth en Ariën Visscher-Valckenier Suringar
Marion Pritchard
Tine zur Kleinsmiede
Jacobus Rijnbout & his wife Eelkje Hattuma, honored posthumously on April 20, 2004
Jan Roorda and his wife Rien Roorda
Dirk van Schaik
The Sietsma brothers, Hein & Henk
Joop Westerweel and his wife Wilhelmina
Joop Woortman & Jaap Musch, from the N.V. Group
Jan Giliam
Clara Dijkstra
Petrus & Afra Dubelaar, Amsterdam North, and Hendrikus & Alida Dubelaar, Santport; from the Westerweel Group. [Hidden: Sam Goldberg, mother, grandmother]
Barent Binnenkant
Dr. Gerrit J. ten Zythoff
Sipke and Femmigje Woudstra
Dirk Boonstra
Johannes and Janke de Vries
Johtje Vos and her husband Aart Vos
Jan Van Hulst
Binne Roorda

France (total: 2,991)

Pierre Granal and his wife, Rose Granal
André and Magda Trocmé
Alexandre Glasberg & his brother Vila Glasberg (Victor Vermont)
Edouard Theis
René and Hélčne Bindel, their son Jean, and Clotilde Pava
Jacques Ellul (2001)
Camille Ernst
Father Pierre-Marie Benoit
Father Jean Fleury
Marie-Rose Gineste
Pierre-Marie Gerlier, Cardinal of Lyon (1981)
Dr. Adélaďde Hautval
Jean Deffaugt
Raoul Laporterie
Pastor Jean Séverin Lemaire
Gilbert Lesage
Anne-Marie Mingat and Marthe Lerme
Germaine Ribičre
Mother Maria
Archbishop of Toulouse, Monseigneur Jules-Géraud Saličge
Bishop of Montauban, Monseigneur Pierre Marie Théas
Edouard Vigneron
Marc Boegner
The entire town of Le Chambon-sur-Lignon -


Ukraine (total: 2,363)

Maria Podolian and her mother
Nikolay Leschinger
Yekaterina Panchenko Movchan
Raisa Makarevich and her mother, Feokla Levitkaya
Klymentiy Sheptytsky, the Archimandrite of the Studite monks of Greek-Catholic Monastery
Daniil Tymchina, hieromonk of the Univ Lavra
Stepan Omelianiuk

Belgium (total: 1,512)

Joseph André (1908-1973), Catholic priest of Namur
Queen Elisabeth of the Belgians
Robert de Foy, Head of State Security
Andree Geulen-Herscovici
Jean-Baptiste Janssens (1889-1964), Superior General of the Jesuits
Alphonse Lambrette (1884-1970)
Jean & Editj Maertens de Noordhout
Jeanne de Mulienaere
Yvonne Nevéjean
Henri Reynders
Suzanne Spaak
Marie and Emile Taquet Marie Taquet-Martens and her husband, Major Emile Taquet
Father Henri Van Oostayen (1906 -1945)

Lithuania (total: 761)

Jonas Paulavičius
Kazys Binkis
Ona Simaite

Hungary (total: 725)

József Antall (the father of the prime minister of 1990)
Vilmos Apor
Zoltan Bay
Kálmán Ferenczfalvi
Béni Ferenczy and his wife
Lajos Gidófalvy
Béla Király
Katalin Karády (actress)
Géza Várkonyi and Gyula Várkonyi
Captain László Ocskay
Pál Szalai
Gabor Sztehlo
Áron Márton (Roman Catholic bishop in Transylvania)
Michnai László
Maria Olt
Géza Ottlik (novelist) and his wife
Sister Sara Salkahazi
Margit Slachta (the first female Member of Parliament in Hungary, the founder of The Society of the Sisters of Social Service - Societas Sororum Socialium)
Gábor Sztehlo

Belarus (total: 602)

Vanda Skuratovich

Slovakia (total: 489)

bl. Pavol Peter Gojdič
Dr. Michal Majercik and his wife Anna
Marta Haasová

Italy (total: 468)[5]

Dr. Carlo Angela, M.D.
Fr. Arrigo Beccari
Fr. Aldo Brunacci
Sr. Ester Busnelli
Tullio Colsalvatico
Sr. Cornelia Cordini
Fr. Antonio Dressino
Fr. Leone Maria Ehrhard
Cardinal Vincenzo Fagiolo
Odoardo Focherini
Mother Elisabetta Hesselblad (2004)
Prof. Arturo Carlo Jemolo
Pietro Lestini and his daughter Giuliana Lestini
Martino Michelone, parish priest of Moransengo[6]
Francesco Moraldo
Dr. Giuseppe Moreali, M.D.
Fr. Rufino Niccacci
Msgr. Giuseppe Placido Nicolini
Dr. Giovanni Palatucci
Cardinal Pietro Palazzini
Giorgio Perlasca
Lorenzo Perrone
Fr. Ottavio Posta[7]
Fr. Francesco Repetto
Msgr. Angelo Rotta, Apostolic Nuncio to Hungary (1997)
Fr. Emanuele Stablum
Fr. Gaetano Tantalo
Msgr. Gennaro Verolino
Fr. Raimondo Viale
Dr. Guelfo Zamboni

Germany (total: 460)

Oskar and Emilie Schindler
Anton Schmid
Karl Plagge
Mati Driessen
Meta Schmidt
Hermann Friedrich Graebe
Wilm Hosenfeld
Bernhard Lichtenberg
Hermann Maas
Armin T. Wegner
Baron Friedrich Carl von Oppenheim
Hans von Dohnanyi
Karl Gröger
Hugo Armann
Wilhelm Hammann
Eberhard Helmrich
Joseph Höffner & sister Helena
Elisabeth Abegg
Adolf and Maria Althoff
Dr. Albert Battel
Major Max Liedtke
Berthold Beitz
Dr. H.G. Calmeyer
Loni and Albert Harder
Dr. Gertrud Luckner
Dr. Otto and Gertrud Mörike
Alfred Rossner
Richard Ernst Moser
Captain Gustav Schröder
Dr. Helmut and Annemarie Sell
Otto Weidt
Maria von Maltzan
Father Alfred Delp,SJ
Heinz Drossel
Walter Krämer

Greece (total: 307)

Princess Alice of Greece
Bishop Chrysostomos of Zakynthos
Archbishop Damaskinos of Athens
Angelos Evert, head of Athens police
Archbishop Ioakim of Volos
Lukas G. Karreri, mayor of Zakynthos
Dr. Kostas Nikolaou
Yerassimos Paloumbis Kephalonia
Princess Helen of Greece and Denmark

Russia (total: 163)

Tatiana Zelenskaya and Pavel Chariuta [8]
Nikolay Kiselev

Serbia (total: 125)

Right Reverend Svetozar Milenkovic
Vida Petrovic, spouse of Svetozar Milenkovic
Aleksander Petrovic, brother of Vida Petrovic
Dr. Dusan Jovanovic
Andrija Latal
Petar Zankovic
Klara Baic
Slobodan Knezevic
Milenija Knezevic
Dragoljub Trajkovic
Borivoje Bondzic
Jelica Bondzic
Ljubica Mandusic-Gazikalovic
Jelica Rankovic, daughter of Ljubica Mandusic-Gazikalovic

Latvia (total: 120)

Janis Lipke

Czech Republic (total: 118)

Anna Binder-Urbanová
Milena Jesenská
Přemysl Pitter

Croatia (total: 102)

See Croatian Righteous Among the Nations

Austria (total: 88)[9]

Oswald Bosko
Wanda Bottesi
Friedericke Buchegger
Anton Dietz
Anna Ehn
Gottfried von Einem
Anna Friessnegg
Charlotte Fritz
Karl Gröger
Anna-Maria Haas
Irene Harand
Edith Hauer
Danuta Kleisinger
Ewald Kleisinger
Ludwig and Maria Knapp
Alois Kreiner
Victor Kugler
Otto Kuttelwascher
Arthur Lanc
Maria Lanc
Hermann Langbein
Erwin Lutz
Julius Madritsch
Dorothea Neff
Anton Schmid
Edi Stecher
Maria Steiner
Maria Stocker
Leo Tschoell
Rudolf Wertz

Albania (total: 69)[10]
Romania (total: 60)

Viorica Agarici
Theodor Criveanu[11]
Traian Popovici
Cojoc Gheorghe
Elena Queen Mother of Romania
Cuciuba Traian and his son Traian jr
Raoul Şorban
Anutoiu T. Anghel
Constantin Simionescu
Beceanu Dumitru
Ioan D. Popescu
Moldovan Valeriu
Sion Mircea Petru G.
Prince Constantin Karadja [1] , Romanian diplomat
Gheorghe Petre I
Manoliu Florian
Suta Ioan

Norway (total: 42)

For a complete list, see Norwegian Righteous Among the Nations

Ingebjorg Sletten
Nic Waal
Nina Hasvold
Gerda Tanberg
Martin Solvang
Ola Rauken
Ola Breisjřberget
Sigrid Helliesen Lund
Per Faye-Hansen

Switzerland (total: 45)

Paul Grueninger
Carl Lutz
Friedrich Born
Ernst Prodolliet
Elizabeth Eidenbenz

Denmark (total: 22)

The Danish Underground requested that all its members who participated in the rescue of the Danish Jews should not be listed individually, but commemorated as one group, according to the Righteous among the Nations website.
Bulgaria (total: 19)

Dimitar Peshev
Dimo Kazasov
Metropolitan Stefan
Metropolitan Cyril

United Kingdom (total: 14)
See also: British Hero of the Holocaust

Charles Coward
Frank Foley
Jane Haining (the only Scot on the list)
Albert Bedane
June Ravenhall
Gregor Nickor

Armenia (total: 13)

Jeretzian, Ara (1981)
Kisheshyan, Arut & Zagoruiko Natalia; daughter Almaza (2003)
Mkrtchyan, Vartan; mother Arakel (1999)
Shakhbazyan, Knarik (1999)
Tadschjian, Aram & Felicia (1992)
Tashchyan, Grigori and Pran; children: Asmik and Tigran (2002)

Sweden (total: 10)

Raoul Wallenberg - Secretary of the Swedish Legation in Budapest 1944-45 (Recognised in 1963)
Valdemar & Nina Langlet - Swedish Red Cross delegates in Budapest, 1944-45 (Recognised in 1965)
Per Anger - Secretary of the Swedish Legation in Budapest 1944-45 (Recognised in 1980)
Lars Berg - Swedish Consul in Budapest 1944-45 (Recognised in 1982)
Carl Ivan Danielsson - Swedish Ambassador in Budapest 1944-45 (Recognised in 1982)
Erik Myrgren - Priest at the Swedish Church in Berlin in 1944-45 (Recognised in 1986)
Elow Kihlgren - Swedish Honorary Consul in Genoa in 1944 (Recognised in 2001)
Erik Perwe - Vicar of the Swedish Church in Berlin 1942-44 (Recognised in 2006)

Slovenia (total: 5)

Ivan Breskvar
Zora Piculin
Andrej Tumpelj
Uroš Žun
Ivan and Ljubica Župančič

Spain (total: 4)

Angel Sanz Briz
Eduardo Propper de Callejon

Turkey (total: 1)

Selahattin Ülkümen

Estonia (total: 3)

Uku Masing

USA (total: 3)

Varian Fry, Emergency Rescue Committee representative in France
Martha Sharp
Waitstill Sharp

Brazil (total: 2)

Luiz Martins de Souza Dantas
Aracy de Carvalho Guimarăes Rosa

China (total: 2)

Pan Jun Shun
Ho Feng Shan

Portugal (total: 2)

Aristides Sousa Mendes Portuguese consul-general (Bordeaux, France), issued 30,000 visas, including 12,000 to Jews, in order to allow countless people, to escape the Nazis. Sousa Mendes was admitted to Yad Vashem's Righteous Among the Nations list in 1966.
Carlos de Sampayo Garrido Portuguese ambassador (Budapest, Hungary), sheltered about 1,000 Jews in safe-houses established by the Portuguese embassy and provided them with Portuguese documents that allowed them to safely leave the country. Sampayo Garrido was admitted to Yad Vashem's Righteous Among the Nations list in 1966; his chargé d'affaires, Teixeira Branquinho, is also celebrated in Budapest's synagogue, but he hasn't been included in Yad Vashem's list.

Chile (total: 1)

Maria Edwards McClure

Japan (total: 1)

Chiune Sugihara, Japanese Consul (Kovno, Lithuania), saved at least 10 000.

Luxembourg (total: 1)

Victor Bodson, Minister of Justice

(Dominican Republic (total:1)

The late dictator Rafael Trujillo and the Dominican Republic are not on the List of the Righteous among the Nations though Trujillo’s Dominican Republic at the Evian Conference in 1938 was the only country to offer to take in Jewish refugees (100,000). The Dominican Republic admitted over eight-hundred Jewish refugees before Germany curbed the exodus. Two years prior to the Evian Conference Trujillo ordered the killing of over 30,000 Dominicans, most of Haitian descent. [12])
Total

The total of the Righteous Among the Nations recognized by Yad Vashem, Jerusalem, at the end of 2010 is 23,788.

 

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